How to Start a New School in India? (2023)

How to Start a New School in India?

  • Vinod Kakumanu
  • Feb. 28, 2019, 2:44 p.m.

Starting a school in India is a venture many like to explore. Owing to the state policies regarding private schools which involves securing multiple licenses and permissions, opening a school can turn unduly strenuous. This need not be so daunting. We have detailed the procedure to start a school in India for the ease of school promoters in this article.

How to Start a New School in India? (1)

The private school venture, both in terms of establishment and gaining investment returns, highly depends on the policies formulated by Ministry of Human Resource Development and states’ education department. School establishment and recognition laws in India are made by both the states and the center and certain facets may change from one state to another.

The process of opening a private school is pretty direct but it involves several steps and components which demand time and dedicated resources. A set of principles must be followed to set up a new school successfully.
The guidelines for starting a private school in India are explained as under —

1.Decide the type of the school you want to start

The school can be a Playschool, Pre- Primary, Primary, Secondary or K-12. At this point, one has to decide how many grades would there be in the beginning. School promoters can decide to start the school with a small number of grades with a vision of increasing the number with time or they may plan to launch the school with both lower and higher grades.

A primary school will not be affiliated to any board of education. It should have the recognition form the State/UT department of education. After the primary school starts running class V, it can apply for approval for Middle Class Syllabus form Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and start class VI to VIII. School promoters can also choose to start an International Baccalaureate (IB) School or ICSE school. In every case the school has to be started first and then attempts for affiliating it to any given board has to be made.

In case the school promoter starts a school till class VIII or higher, he/she has to get affiliation from the state board. A state board school can eventually apply for secondary and/or senior secondary affiliation from CBSE, CISCE, IB or IGCSE.

2. Associate the school with a Trust or Society or Section 8 company

(Video) Don't Open A School If You Have these Reasons in Mind! [Updated 2022]

To start a private school, association with either a trust or society or a section 8 company is a must. It can be a pre-existing trust or society or can be a newly formed one. A trust or society operating a school in states of India must be registered under the state’s Trust Act or Indian Societies Registration Act 1860. The trust or society thus established is not -for -profit organization. If a company is sponsoring the new school, it should be registered under section 8 of the Companies Act 2013.

The trust or a society has to have a minimum of three members to get registered. The said trust or society must comprise of a ‘School Governing Board’ with three officially declared members namely the President, Secretary, and Chairman. The board additionally has two or three other members. It is preferable for these members to have educational or social work credentials.

The school board must acquire a ‘Memorandum of Association’ from the educational trust.

3. Acquiring land or appropriating a Land for Establishing School

Land for establishing a school can be purchased or leased. If the school promoters already possess a land, they must get it approved for educational use by municipal and the education department of the concerned state. The minimum size of land required depends upon the type of school, the location i.e. rural, urban and its location relative to the city limit. Also, different boards have their own minimum land area requirements.

Before proceeding to procure land for the school the need of a How to Start a New School in India? (3) new school in the given area must be recognized by the Department of Education (DoE) of the state. For this, the department issues an ‘Essentiality Certificate (EC)’. The certificate establishes that the new school is indeed essential for the area for which it is proposed and is not superfluous. This certificate is, in effect, the NOC for the school building construction. Municipal authority’s certification is also required. Other considerations include the environment that would host the school and availability of amenities that makes it fit for children like drinking water etc. After obtaining the EC construction must begin within 3 years or it expires. As education industry is characterized by its non –profit facet, the land being bought for the school building construction can be obtained from an agency at highly subsidized rates after a letter of sponsorship is acquired from the municipal authority.

For the convenience of school promoters an online school land and Infrastructure portal, “ is available, facilitates the listing of land, Infrastructure and school buildings suitable for establishing schools ranging from playschool to senior secondary schools.

4. School Master Plan and School Architecture

School building plan must be approved by the state board and if the plan is to gain national board affiliation, respective bye-laws must be kept in mind. The specifications pertaining to the school architecture include the number of classrooms, library, offices, assembly hall, labs, facilities, auditorium and area of the playground/play area, for CBSE and ICSE schools the minimum land area is specified.

(Video) Government Approvals Required to Start a School in India [updated 2022 Version]

The blueprint of the school building facade and interior must be complete when the application for the state board affiliation is made.

5. Defining Mission and Vision of the School

There must be a clearly defined and drafted institutional mission and vision. The guiding principles and philosophy of the new school are outlined in the vision and mission statement clarifying the relevance of the school in terms of community wherefrom the students are drawn. The educational outcomes envisioned by the school and the curriculum orientation must be clearly delineated along with the method of assessment of the scholastic development of the students and school’s effectiveness. It is customary to define the social goals of the private school as an enterprise in the educational sector is seen in terms of its social dimensions.

6. Applying for Recognition and Affiliation

It is mandatory for a new school to have State Board recognition/affiliation. State board affiliation is granted if the NOC to use the land for the educational purpose, school infrastructure, amenities for children and staff as recommended are in place. After the school is operational an application for provisional affiliation can be made to CBSE. In case an ICSE affiliation is desired, the time passed after school establishment and state recognition is more. The process of applying for affiliation must be according to the bye-laws of the board to which the application is to be made. A list of licenses and approvals that are to be annexed with the application can be obtained from the board’s website. Initially, provisional affiliation is granted after an inspection by the inspection committee of the board visits the school and makes recommendations. In case any deficiency is found in the school, time is granted to remedy that. In case the affiliation is not granted, a reapplication has to be made after a year or more, depending on the board. We have written separate articles on how to secure affiliation from CBSE and ICSE. For knowing the procedure for starting a CBSE school, click here.

For knowledge of the process of starting an ICSE school, click here.

In case the school promoters want to start an international school i.e. IB or Cambridge read our posts How to start an IB school anywhere in India? Or How to start school and get IGCSE affiliation?’

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7. Drafting Financial Plan for the School Project

Financial plan of the new school is primarily for the master plan efficacy, establishment of the school and its operation. The plan contains the assessment of the feasibility of the school project. It contains the school setup outlay, details of the investment and revenue projections.

While drafting the business plan attention must be paid to the effect that every section of the financial plan must have its rationale in terms of academic goals and educational outcomes. The financial plan also includes the breakup of costs. The sections which comprise the financial plan include land investment; infrastructure costs etc. school financial plan will also include the planned budget, organizational structure, and details of the administrative costs and the prospective board of affiliation.

Sourcing the investment is crucial. The investment can be acquired from banks for opening a school but that requires a perfectly drawn plan to convince the bank of the soundness of the idea. Every aspect is inspected by the prospective funder of the private school which can be a donor; private company etc.

It must be understood by school promoters that when you run a school you are essentially running various complimentary businesses like conveyance, canteen, stationery, books, and uniforms to name a few. The scenario obviously calls for a financial plan and expert resource planning. In all financial plan will need constant evolution so that School Feasibility Report remains as intended throughout its operational course.

8. Constituting School Committee

The school founding committee must comprise of efficient members who can rise up to the occasion of managing the school and manning the core management body that would evolve with the school’s progression. The body needs to have experts, preferably people with vision and experience in the area of education. Besides educationists, people with knowledge of legalities, accounts, business, and architecture will prove to be of a great resource for any private school.

(Video) How to Open/Start School in India and get CBSE Affiliation | अपना स्कूल कैसे शुरू करे ?

9. Hiring of Teachers and Staff

The qualification and professionalism of the How to Start a New School in India? (8) teachers and staff is of central importance for a school’s success. The qualifications of the Principal and other academic staff are stipulated by the boards of affiliation. Besides that, accountant and administrative staff need to be hired. Vacancies must be posted and Interviews must be conducted for academic and non-academic staff’s recruitment.

School Serv has led the way by establishing an online teachers’ repository named which is an exclusive recruitment platform for schools ranging from primary to senior secondary.

10. School Promotion and Launch

In the final stages of new school establishment process comes the promotional advertising. To begin with the marketing plan, idea of a brand needs to be evolved. A constant influx of marketing ideas for the new school is desirable. A thorough study of the school’s catchment area and the competition around is critical for effective promotion. It is indeed easier if the help of school marketing consultant is sought after the consolidation of the idea of starting a private school.

The brand management of the school is a research-backed and specialized process. Promotional media campaign must be executed to this end. The brand strategy must be designed to reach out to the parents whose preferences are researched beforehand. Parent’s preferences primarily include the curricular affiliation and affordability. The premium must be put on online promotion and new school’s directory presence must be ensured. Then there arises the need for attention to the result of the promotion namely, the admissions. The rate of initial enrollment must be maximized. Enrollment details and procedures must be published online on the newly created dedicated website.

The competition needs to be assessed well. The upcoming private school will naturally face competition from the existing schools of repute. A distinct identity and niche carving must be strategized accordingly. This does not happen overnight and is a protracted process requiring consistent effort.

After sequential and planned efforts the school project materializes. There is no doubt about the good business prospects of a well-founded and well managed private school. Indian school education ecosystem has distinctive features. The emphasis placed on quality and competition among private schools drives innovation and best practices. The success of the school, keeping all this in view, depends upon the ability to upgrade, adapt and the choice of solutions and school solution providers.


How do you deal with starting a new school? ›

Tips for starting a new school
  1. Plan how you're getting there. Being prepared for how you're going to get to your new school can help you to feel calmer and more confident. ...
  2. Prepare what you'll need. It can take time to adjust when you start at a new school. ...
  3. Ask questions. ...
  4. Get to know people. ...
  5. Talk about it.

How do you run a successful school? ›

Plan Thoroughly: Time, finance and resource management are essential for the smooth & efficient running of a school. Delegate your responsibilities and prioritize what is important. Invest in good school management software. Try to automate the tasks as much as possible.

How do you start a dream school? ›

Here's what it takes to create a dream school:
  1. Keep classrooms small and allow one-on-one time with each student.
  2. Personal growth requires curiosity and a variety of experiences. ...
  3. Instill a sense of community in your students.
  4. Discover each student's strengths and growth opportunity areas.

How do you judge a good school? ›

Here are the four keys that will help you select a school best poised to provide the most effective education for your child.
  1. Curriculum and co-curricular activities.
  2. Student-teacher ratio.
  3. Teaching and learning style.
  4. Your child's needs and interests.
9 May 2021

What do you look for in a school? ›

According to the U.S. Department of Education website, some of the basics to look for at any effective school include:
  • High expectations.
  • Great teachers and staff.
  • Busy, visible children.
  • Rigorous curriculum.
  • Vibrant parent-teacher association.
  • Parents welcomed and questions answered.
27 Jan 2021

How do I choose the best school? ›

Good academic history

Test scores may not tell everything about a school's effectiveness, but they are an essential constituent in determining how well their students can perform academically. A school that shows consistent academic excellence usually have the best and effective learning strategies in place.

What is it like at a new school? ›

It's normal to feel weird and different in a new place, and to miss your old friends. Then there's having to learn a different school layout, feeling nervous about talking to new people and being drained from adjusting to all this new stuff. Try to be patient: good things take time.

Is starting a new school hard? ›

Adjusting to a new school can be hard. Even with the best plans and intentions, it can sometimes be a difficult transition. This is especially true if your child is leaving behind a school full of friends that he or she was close with and starting fresh in a new place.

How can I grow my school? ›

7 Actions To Take in the New Year to Grow Your Private School
  1. Reconsider Your Marketing Execution.
  2. Refine Your School Tour.
  3. Analyze Your Application Process.
  4. Evaluate Your Reenrollment Prospects.
  5. Zero in on Reporting.
  6. Mobilize Your Word of Mouth Team.
  7. Improve Parent Communication.
2 Jan 2018

How do you maintain a school? ›

The playground should be regularly leveled and should be tidy. Annual white-washing, coloring, repairing and regular cleaning of the school building should be made. The entire school campus should be neat and clean. The headmaster and his staff should see that the maintenance is properly done.

How successfully run a private school? ›

10 powerful tips on how to run a school successfully
  1. Get your priorities straight. ...
  2. Take time to organize yourself. ...
  3. Ditch the use of paper. ...
  4. Make feedback a priority. ...
  5. Always maintain a positive attitude. ...
  6. Don't get your heckles up on every issue. ...
  7. Put your students first. ...
  8. Embrace technology.
18 Jun 2021

Can anyone set up a school? ›

Applications to set up a new school need to be submitted to the DfE , which runs 3 application rounds each year. The process for setting up a new school has been streamlined. It usually takes little more than a year from the DfE granting initial approval for a school to the school opening its doors to pupils.

How do you open a school in the village? ›

To get yourself prepared for this, read out a quick summary given below:
  1. Formation of Management: The very first step is to form the board or society of interested individuals for running your school. ...
  2. Get ''Essentiality Certificate”: ...
  3. Purchase a Land: ...
  4. Apply for Recognition: ...
  5. CBSE Affiliation:

What are good projects? ›

The Good Project promotes excellence, engagement, and ethics in education, preparing people to become good workers and good citizens who contribute to the overall well-being of society.

How can I get project ideas? ›

Here are a few ways to come up with side project ideas:
  1. Reflect on your day-to-day. Often the best ideas come from one's own experiences. ...
  2. Ask your friends. ...
  3. Explore emerging platforms. ...
  4. Browse Product Hunt. ...
  5. Explore GitHub. ...
  6. Turn a feature into a standalone product . ...
  7. Go to a hackathon. ...
  8. Read the internet.

What are some good project ideas? ›

23 creative project ideas
  • Write a blog post. A blog post is a web article you can write on any topic that interests you. ...
  • Write a poem. ...
  • Write a short story. ...
  • Create custom bookmarks. ...
  • Create a poster. ...
  • Create digital artwork. ...
  • Take a photo series. ...
  • Create a vision board.

How do you start a short proposal? ›

  1. Introduce yourself and provide background information. ...
  2. State your purpose for the proposal. ...
  3. Define your goals and objectives. ...
  4. Highlight what sets you apart. ...
  5. Briefly discuss budget and how funds will be used. ...
  6. Finish with a call to action and request a follow-up. ...
  7. Close the letter and provide contact details.

How do you propose to support the school in future? ›

10 Simple Ways to Support Public Schools
  1. Mentor a student. ...
  2. Volunteer at school events. ...
  3. Join a parent organization. ...
  4. Donate Supplies. ...
  5. Attend school board meetings. ...
  6. Follow local education reporters. ...
  7. Volunteer for career day. ...
  8. Share your story.
11 Aug 2021

What is a school business plan? ›

A school business plan lays out the main aims and objectives of the school. Not just this, it also lays out the strategic ways in which your school is going to operate and succeed. It's a crucial document that is fundamental to the overall growth and success of your organisation.

How do I start a UP Board school? ›

To start a formal 10+2 school, you will need minimum 2-3 acres of land. This could either be your own property or leased (with a rental agreement of 30 years). Obtain NOC- The next step is to take permission from the concerned authorities in Uttar Pradesh.

What is the most popular dream school? ›

The schools named "dream" colleges by the highest number of surveyed students were:
  • Stanford University (CA)
  • Harvard College (MA)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  • New York University.
  • Princeton University (NJ)
  • Columbia University (NY)
  • Yale University (CT)
  • University of California—Los Angeles.
16 Mar 2022

What means target school? ›

A target school is one where your academic credentials ( grades , SAT or ACT scores , and class rank) fall well within the school's average range for the most recently accepted class. There are no guarantees, but it's not unreasonable to expect to be accepted to several of your target schools.

What are the features of a good school? ›

A good school will have fair-minded, passionate, honest, well-mannered, inspirer, skilled, and supportive mentors who will have a strong positive impact on the student's attitude and personality.

What are the 5 factors of effective schools? ›

There are five common attributes that make up an effective school.
  • Leadership. The first attribute is quality leadership. ...
  • High Expectations. The second attribute is having high expectations of students as well as teachers. ...
  • Ongoing Evaluation. ...
  • Goals and Direction. ...
  • Secure and Organized.
29 Jun 2016

What is a good school environment? ›

Such things include having good friends within the school, perceiving that teachers are caring and supportive, believing that discipline is efficient and fair, participating in extracurricular activities, being a part of a school and having a sense of belonging.

What every school should have? ›

What makes a school so special? What should every school have to be considered “good?”
  • Parent Involvement. Parents make up a huge part of their children's life. ...
  • An amazing music program. Photo by Anna Arteaga. ...
  • Montessori Philosophy. ...
  • Safety. ...
  • Healthy Food. ...
  • Convenience. ...
  • Cultural Education.

What must a school have? ›

A school campus must encompass the following amenities:

Striking school buildings unified with lush green gardens and lawns. Huge, airy classrooms with cross aeration and natural light overlooking gardens. Indoor and outdoor playing Courts and sports area. State-of-the-art Science Lab, Mathematics and Languages ...

What teachers look for in a school? ›

I've narrowed it down to five main areas that you should focus on when vetting potential schools.
  • Teaching Style. Think about your teaching style and what the ideal accommodations for your first teaching job would be. ...
  • The Principal. ...
  • Other Administrators. ...
  • The Overall Vibe. ...
  • Parent Participation.

What do parents look for in a school? ›

1 Good teachers, strong curriculum and academics, and school safety are the most commonly cited criteria by parents to evaluate schools.

What makes a school good or bad? ›

A good school uses every resource, advantage, gift, and opportunity it has to grow students and tends to see more resources, advantages, gifts, and opportunities than lower-performing schools. A good school has students who get along with and support one another towards a common goal–and they know what that goal is.

What are the challenges of a new school? ›

10 Major Challenges Facing Public Schools
  • Classroom Size.
  • Poverty.
  • Family Factors.
  • Technology.
  • Bullying.
  • Student Attitudes and Behaviors.
  • No Child Left Behind.
  • Parent Involvement.
18 May 2022

What is unique about the new school? ›

Since our founding in 1919, The New School has redrawn and redefined the boundaries of intellectual and creative thought as a preeminent academic center. Our rigorous, multidimensional approach to education dissolves walls between disciplines and helps nurture progressive minds.

Is starting a school good idea? ›

Starting your school will not only allow you to get involved with a business trend that is headed in the right direction but will also give you the chance to make a difference in the lives of children every day.

What is the best age to start school? ›

The right age for preschool will vary from child to child and depends on multiple factors, including age. However, most preschoolers are between ages 3 and 5.

How long does it take to adjust to a new school? ›

It can take some time to adjust to a new school. If it's still difficult after 6 weeks, talk with your parents or make an appointment with the school counselor. Siblings can be helpful when you are adjusting to a new school. Talk with your siblings about how they are adjusting and problems that they may be having.

How do you get rid of new school anxiety? ›

A week or two before school, start preparing children for the upcoming transition by resuming school-year routines, such as setting a realistic bedtime and selecting tomorrow's clothes. Arrange play dates with one or more familiar peers before school starts.

How can I calm my nerves before starting a new school? ›

One way to help ease anxiety and stress about starting school is to remind your kids about what makes going to school great. 1 Aside from learning new things and participating in extracurricular activities, there is a lot that is good about school. For starters, there's the swag—fun new school supplies and clothes.

How do you interact with a new school? ›

Make new friends.

Try not to be shy, and be confident. Talk to different groups of people, but don't ignore a certain group. Be yourself and don't lie. This is your school now, so take a chance on letting your true personality shine through if you didn't already at your old school.

Is changing schools a good idea? ›

Develop Adaptation Skills: When children switch schools, they have to adapt to a new routine, make new friends, and also be in the teachers' good books. This skill of adaptation can help the child in the future.

How do you make a school feel like it's going fast? ›

  1. Daydream a bit. If you've got a few minutes before the bell rings, let your mind wander a bit. ...
  2. Doodle in your notebook. ...
  3. Enjoy some creative writing time. ...
  4. Make rhymes. ...
  5. Count your way to freedom.

How do I know if my 11 year old has anxiety? ›

Symptoms of anxiety in children

not eating properly. quickly getting angry or irritable, and being out of control during outbursts. constantly worrying or having negative thoughts. feeling tense and fidgety, or using the toilet often.

What happens if my 15 year old refuses to go to school? ›

If your teenager is repeatedly refusing to go to school, communicate with teachers or school counselors so they know why your child is struggling to get to class and can provide extra support. For example, school staff may wish to discuss setting up a 504 plan.

Why is school so stressful? ›

Concerns about not having enough friends, not being in the same class as friends, not being able to keep up with friends in one particular area or another, interpersonal conflicts, and peer pressure are a few of the very common ways kids can be stressed by their social lives at school.

Is crying over school normal? ›

Although crying is a perfectly normal human emotion that we all experience sometimes, it can be embarrassing to cry at school. Fortunately, there are a number of tips and tricks that can help you to hide your tears at school if you are having a rough day but don't want anyone else to know about it.

Can a school refuse a child? ›

Can my school refuse to admit a child? The only time a school can lawfully refuse a place to an applicant if they have a space, is if the young person is “considered to exhibit challenging behaviour” and the school has a disproportionate number of students on roll with challenging behaviour.

What is school phobia? ›

Scolionophobia is an overwhelming fear of school. It is not a clinical diagnosis, but it's often a symptom of other anxiety disorders. School refusal is more likely to affect children during times of transition, such as starting middle school or high school.

What makes your school different from others? ›

1) There are many schools in my area but my school is unique. 2) My school has the biggest infrastructure which makes it unique. 3) Highly educated and cooperative teachers make the education system better. 4) My school also provides attention to other curricular activities.


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